- lorraine . In 1286 the Jews acquired a cemetery at nearby Laxou. In 1341, and later in 1455, several Jews settled in Nancy itself but were expelled from the Duchy in 1477. The Jews temporarily reappeared in Nancy in 1595. Maggino Gabrieli, known as the "consul-general of the Hebrew and Levantine nation," attempted to establish two banks and a pawnshop in 1637–1643. In 1707 and 1712 Duke Leopold authorized three Jewish bankers from metz to settle in Nancy, one of whom, Samuel Lévy , became the duke's chief tax collector in 1715. After Lévy fell into disgrace, there was a hostile reaction toward the Jews. Nevertheless, in 1721 an edict authorized 70 Jewish families to remain in Lorraine, eight of them in Nancy and its surroundings. The 90 Jewish families in Nancy in 1789 (50 of whom were without authorization) included such wealthy merchants and manufacturers as the alcan , Goudchaux, and Berr families from whom the trustees of the Duchy's Jewish community were chosen. herz cerfberr became squire of Tomblaine, and berr isaac berr became the leader of the Ashkenazi Jews in 1789. There was a house of prayer in 1745, but it was not until 1788 that a synagogue was officially built, eight years after the chief rabbi of Lorraine established himself in Nancy. (The synagogue was renovated in 1842 and again in 1935.) Notable among the chief rabbis of the consistory formed in 1808 were Marchand Ennery and solomon ullmann . With the influx of refugees from Alsace and Moselle after 1870, the number of Jews in Nancy increased to some 4,000 by the end of the century. Nancy made important contributions to French Jewish cultural life. The prayer room of the Polish Jews was decorated by the artist Mané-Katz . Nancy was the birthplace of the writer André Spire and Nobel Prize winner F. Jacob . (Gilbert Cahen) -Holocaust Period Many of Nancy's prewar Jewish population (about 3,800 in 1939) fled the city under the German occupation. Those who stayed were brutally persecuted. In three Aktionen in 1942–43, 130 Jews of foreign origin were arrested and deported, while over 400 others who had fled to the "free" zone in the south were arrested and deported after it was overrun by the Germans in 1942. Only 22 survivors returned. Among the old French Jewish families, 250 victims were deported, of whom only two survived. The majority were arrested on March 2, 1944, along with 72-year-old Chief Rabbi Haguenauer, who despite his being forewarned, refused to desert the members of his community. A street in postwar Nancy bears his name. The synagogue, as well as other buildings belonging to the Jews, were plundered by the Nazis. The synagogue interior was destroyed, while the holy books were sold to a rag collector. Several of the art works and books in the local Musée Historique Lorrain and departmental archives were saved. After the war the community of Nancy rapidly recovered, and by 1969 it had about 3,000 members with a full range of Jewish communal institutions. A chair for Hebrew studies was set up at the university. In 1987, the community was said to number 4,000. (Georges Levitte) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gross, Gal Jud, 400: C. Pfister, Histoire de Nancy, 1 (1902), 678–81; 3 (1908), 310–38; A. Gain et. al., in: Revue juive de Lorraine, 2–3 (1926–27); 9–11 (1933–35), passim; J. Godchot, in: REJ, 86 (1928), 1–35. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Guide de judaîsme français (1987), 39; Jewish Travel Guide (2002), 73.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nancy — Nancy … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nancy — • Diocese in France and heir to the celebrated See of Toul Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nancy Nancy † … Catholic encyclopedia
Nancy Wu — Chinese name 胡定欣 Chinese name 胡定欣 (Traditional) Chinese name 胡定欣 (Simplified) Pinyin Hú Dìngxīn ( … Wikipedia
Nancy — (spr. nāngßi, deutsch Nanzig), Hauptstadt des franz. Depart. Meurthe et Moselle und ehemals des Herzogtums Lothringen, 200 m ü. M., am linken Ufer der Meurthe und am Marne Rheinkanal, Knotenpunkt der Ostbahn, zerfällt in die Altstadt, die sich… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Nancy — Nancy, by i det nordøstlige Frankrig. Nancy er opvokset omkring et slot, der 1153 blev residens for hertugerne af Lothringen. Dette blev 1475 erobret af Karl den Dristige af Burgund, men året efter taget tilbage af hertug René af Lothringe, der 5 … Danske encyklopædi
nancy — UK [ˈnænsɪ] / US or nancy boy UK / US noun [countable] Word forms nancy : singular nancy plural nancies British old fashioned an offensive word for a gay man who the speaker thinks behaves like a woman … English dictionary
Nancy — Nancy, die Hauptstadt von Lothringen, jetzt des Departements der Meurthe, in einer fruchtbaren Ebene am Fuße bewaldeter und mit Reben bepflanzter Hügel sehr malerisch gelegen, besteht aus der Alt und Neustadt, wovon die erstere altmodische Häuser … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Nancy — (école de) groupe de décorateurs et d artisans d art, formé à Nancy v. 1890 autour du verrier é. Gallé. Nancy v. de France, ch. l. du dép. de Meurthe et Moselle, sur la Meurthe et le canal de la Marne au Rhin; 102 410 hab. (Nancéiens); 329 450… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Nancy — (spr. Nangsi), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Meurthe, 19,8 QM.; 141,000 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt des Arrondissements u. Departements an der Meurthe, am Rhein Marne Kanal u. der Paris Strasburger Eisenbahn, welche hier nach Metz… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Nancy — (spr. nangßih), deutsch Nanzig, Hauptstadt des franz. Dep. Meurthe et Moselle, an der schiffbaren Meurthe, (1901) 102.559 E.; bestehend aus der Altstadt im N. (got. Schloß der ehemal. Herzöge von Lothringen) und der Neustadt im S., Universität,… … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon